Metalworking Guide

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Casting Age (Copper & Bronzes)

Gathering Ore

There are currently two stone-age methods of gathering ore, running around and looking for them as items on the surface, or by using a Gold Pan.

To make a single metal tool head you will need to collect 10 pieces of small, copper-bearing ore:

Copper Ore
Grid Native Copper (Small).png Native Copper Grid Tetrahedrite (Small).png Tetrahedrite Grid Malachite (Small).png Malachite Grid Chalcocite (Small).png Chalcocite Grid Chalcopyrite (Small).png Chalcopyrite

If you wish to make bronze¹ tools, you can follow the alloy recipe and replace some of the copper ores with the following:

Grid Bismuthinite (Small).png Bismuthinite Grid Cassiterite (Small).png Cassiterite Grid Sphalerite (Small).png Sphalerite Grid Native Gold (Small).png Native Gold Grid Native Silver (Small).png Native Silver

¹ Note: Only metals that have the word bronze in their name are considered bronze. Other metals made out of the above ores that do not have bronze in their name, such as Brass, Rose Gold, and Sterling Silver are not bronzes or copper, and therefore cannot be made into tools.

Prospecting and Mining

The presence of small ores on the surface indicates ores somewhere below. A Prospector's Pick can give more precise results about how far the player is from ore. At the beginning of the game, when the player may only have a pickaxe, looking for ore can be difficult. One way to look for ore when a player does not have a Prospector's Pick is simply to tediously dig random holes near the center of the area where small ores appear.


Note: The Vessel can only smelt ores. If you have turned your metals into ingots, you will need to heat them in a forge to liquefy them, or use a Crucible if you plan on making alloys.

Filling a Vessels with Ores for Bronze
A Vessel Containing Molten Bronze


A Ceramic Vessel can be used to smelt Native Copper, Malachite and Tetrahedrite ore into pure molten copper metal. To do this, fill the vessel with ore (stacks of different ores may be placed together in the same vessel) and then fire it in a kiln.

After the firing, retrieve the vessel from the kiln and right-click it to open up its GUI. You will see that now instead of the usual four slots the vessel has only one and contains text describing the amount of metal it contains. This metal will remain liquid for about 10 Minecraft hours, starting after the firing completes. If the metal inside solidifies, the GUI will not open and you must fire it in a pit kiln again to re-melt it. Note: Vessels with molten metal inside will have a white, "Liquid" tooltip on them.


A Ceramic Vessel can also be used to create Bronze, Black Bronze and Bismuth Bronze.

Before Firing: Place the necessary ores into a Ceramic Vessel, in the proper proportions for the desired type of bronze. For example, if you wanted to create normal Bronze then you would put copper ore (any combination of Native Copper, Malachite or Tetrahedrite) and Cassiterite into the vessel. For each alloy there is a range of proportions which will produce the desired alloy so you don't have to hit an exact percentage, just be within the range.

After Firing: If you got the proportions right then when you right-click the vessel it will open up the same single-slot GUI as described above for smelting pure ores. You can then transfer the molten bronze metal to a Ceramic Mold in the same way. If you got the proportions wrong then when you right-click the vessel you'll get the four-slot storage GUI showing the raw ores still sitting in the vessel, unchanged.


Ceramic tool and weapon molds can be filled directly from the vessel, or from a liquid unshaped ingot.

All the recipes for tool and weapon molds can be found at the Clay Tool Molds page. Grid Ceramic Mold Pick.png


Place an empty or partially filled Ceramic Tool, Weapon, or Ingot Mold into the slot to fill it with metal from the vessel. It takes 100 units of metal to completely fill an empty Ceramic Mold. The text in the vessel's GUI will be updated to show the amount of metal remaining in the vessel.


Unshaped Ingot

If the copper or bronze has already been turned into an ingot, simply heat it in a forge with an empty ingot mold in the appropriate slot to melt it. While the full, unshaped metal is at liquid temperature, right click with it in your hand to open the casting GUI. You will see an arrow with one slot to its left and two to its right. The leftmost slot will contain the filled mold. Place a single empty tool or weapon mold into the first slot on the right to begin the transfer. Once the transfer is complete the tool mold will move into the output slot and will show itself filled with metal.


Retrieve the filled tool mold and the now-empty Ceramic Mold from the slots on the left. There is a chance that the Ceramic Ingot Mold will be broken and lost during this process.

Once the mold is full, place it into your crafting area and retrieve the finished tool or weapon head from the output. The mold will be destroyed in the process.

Axe Head (Copper)
Grid layout Arrow (small).png
Ceramic Mold Axe (Copper)
Axe Head (Copper) Copper Axe
Grid layout Arrow (small).png


In order to progress out of the Casting Age, you will first need to work your way up to a Tier 2 Anvil.


By using a hammer on the top of a raw Igneous stone block that is in its natural spawning layer, you will open the anvil GUI, where you can weld Copper Ingots into Double Ingots.

Igneous Stone
Igneous Intrusive Grid Diorite.png Diorite Grid Gabbro.png Gabbro Grid Granite.png Granite
Igneous Extrusive Grid Andesite.png Andesite Grid Basalt.png Basalt Grid Dacite.png Dacite Grid Rhyolite.png Rhyolite


After you have obtained seven Copper Double Ingots, craft them into a Copper Anvil, where you can weld Bronze Ingots into Double Ingots.

Copper Double Ingot Copper Double Ingot Copper Double Ingot Grid layout Arrow (small).png Anvil (Copper)
Copper Double Ingot
Copper Double Ingot Copper Double Ingot Copper Double Ingot


After you have obtained seven Bronze, Bismuth Bronze, or Black Bronze Double Ingots, craft them into an Anvil where you can work Bronze Double Ingots into Sheets and weld Sheets into Double Sheets.

Bronze Double Ingot Bronze Double Ingot Bronze Double Ingot Grid layout Arrow (small).png Anvil (Bronze)
Bronze Double Ingot
Bronze Double Ingot Bronze Double Ingot Bronze Double Ingot

Iron Age

Gathering Ore

By now you should have a Pickaxe and a Prospector's Pick to use for finding and mining ore.


Wrought Iron

Wrought Iron is obtained by working an Iron Bloom that has been created in a Bloomery.

Input Work Type Output Notes
Grid Raw Iron Bloom.png Raw Iron Bloom >= 100% Refine Grid Refined Iron Bloom.png Refined Iron Bloom Work on at least a Tier 2 anvil.
  • Raw iron blooms that are less than 100% cannot be refined, and must be thrown back into the bloomery with more ore to create a larger bloom.
Grid Refined Iron Bloom.png Refined Iron Bloom 200% Split Grid Refined Iron Bloom.png Refined Iron Bloom 100% x2 Only needed for blooms over 100%. If starting bloom isn't a multiple of 100%, it will split into as many 100% blooms as possible as well as a single bloom with the remaining %. For example: A 360% bloom will split into 3 100% blooms and a single 60% bloom.
Grid Refined Iron Bloom.png Refined Iron Bloom 100% Hammer Grid Wrought Iron Ingot.png Wrought Iron Ingot
Grid Refined Iron Bloom.png Refined Iron Bloom < 100% Melt Grid Unshaped Wrought Iron.png Unshaped Wrought Iron Melt refined iron bloom into wrought iron in the forge with a ceramic mold in the side slot, or in a crucible.
  • Melting refined iron blooms under 100% in the forge will give partial unshaped ingots, which can be combined if both are at liquid temperature by using the casting interface, or by using a crucible.
  • WARNING: Melting a refined iron bloom over 100% in the forge will result in only 1 unshaped ingot. Any excess metal will be lost.

Pig Iron

Pig Iron is obtained by smelting the Iron Ore in a Blast Furnace.


Input Work Type Output
Grid Pig Iron Ingot.png Pig Iron Ingot Hammer Grid High Carbon Steel Ingot.png High Carbon Steel Ingot
Grid High Carbon Steel Ingot.png High Carbon Steel Ingot Hammer Grid Steel Ingot.png Steel Ingot
Black Steel starts from the alloy recipe melted in a crucible. It will show as Weak Steel in the crucible.
Grid Black Steel Ingot.png Weak Steel Ingot
Grid Pig Iron Ingot.png Pig Iron Ingot
Weld Grid Black Steel Ingot.png High Carbon Black Steel Ingot
Grid Black Steel Ingot.png High Carbon Black Steel Ingot Hammer Grid Black Steel Ingot.png Black Steel Ingot
Blue/Red Steel start from the alloy recipe melted in a crucible. It will show as Weak Blue/Red Steel in the crucible.
Grid Red Steel Ingot.png Weak Red Steel Ingot
Grid Black Steel Ingot.png Black Steel Ingot
Weld Grid Red Steel Ingot.png High Carbon Red Steel Ingot
Grid Blue Steel Ingot.png High Carbon Blue Steel Ingot Hammer Grid Blue Steel Ingot.png Blue Steel Ingot


See Anvil page for the guidelines of smithing metal.

Input Work Type Output
Grid Copper Ingot.png Ingot Plan selector
Grid Axe Head (Copper).png Axe Head Grid Chisel Head (Copper).png Chisel Head Grid Hammer Head (Copper).png Hammer Head Grid Hoe Head (Copper).png Hoe Head Grid Javelin Head (Copper).png Javelin Head Grid Knife Blade (Copper).png Knife Blade
Grid Pick Head (Copper).png Pickaxe Head Grid ProPick Head (Copper).png Prospector's Pick Head Grid Saw Blade (Copper).png Saw Blade Grid Shovel Head (Copper).png Shovel Head Grid Scythe Blade (Copper).png Scythe Blade

Grid Mason's Trowel Head (Copper).png Trowel Head

Grid Iron Needle.pngIron Needle
Grid Gold Ingot.png 2 Ingots + Flux Weld Grid Gold Double Ingot.png Double Ingot
Grid Bismuth Bronze Double Ingot.png Double Ingot Plan selector
Grid Mace Head (Bismuth Bronze).pngMace Head Grid Sword Blade (Bismuth Bronze).png Sword Blade Grid Bismuth Bronze Sheet.png Sheet
Grid Brass Sheet.png Sheet Plan selector
Grid Brass Tube.png Brass Tube Grid Metal Trapdoor.png Trap Door Grid Red Steel Bucket.png Red Steel Bucket Grid Blue Steel Bucket.png Blue Steel Bucket
Grid Black Bronze Sheet.png Sheet Armor Process¹
Grid Black Bronze Helmet.png Helmet Grid Black Bronze Boots.png Boots
Grid Silver Sheet.png 2 Sheets + Flux Weld Grid Silver Double Sheet.png Double Sheet
Grid Black Bronze Double Sheet.png Double Sheet Armor Process¹
Grid Black Bronze Chestplate.png Chestplate Grid Black Bronze Greaves.png Greaves
Grid Steel Double Sheet.png Double sheet Plan selector
Grid Steel Tuyere.png Tuyere
Grid Brass Tube.png Brass Tube Plan selector
Grid Bugle.png Bugle
Grid Knife Blade (Wrought Iron).png 2 Wrought Iron Knife Blades Plan selector
Grid Shears.png Shears

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